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NC State Extension

Organic Production

Weeding the garden

Organic production relies on a series of techniques that include crop rotation, green manure, compost, and biological pest control. Organic farming is a labor-intensive process, where produce, grains, and other crops are grown without synthetic pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, or genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Rather than growing a single crop, organic farmers grow a variety of crops for greater biodiversity tailored according to climate and soil. Soil health is highly important for growing crops resistant to pests and disease.

Organic production is the fastest-growing agricultural segment in the United States. Its growth continued through the economic recession with the support of North Carolina’s consumers. Our state consumers are committed to supporting local agriculture, creating a great opportunity for NC farmers and organically-grown food.

North Carolina State University and the Department of Horticultural Science has generated many outreach tools and information based on our agricultural research and extension programs. The university research covers organic farming, medicinal herbs, hops, truffles, and other organic crops.

Organic Production Resources


Biodynamics is a method of organic farming with a spiritual-ethical-ecological or holistic approach to agriculture, food production, and nutrition. Read how the biodynamic movement has driven growers to create diversified, harmonious ecosystems within their agricultural operations.

Center for Environmental Farming (CEFS)

Center for Environmental Farming develops and promotes food and farming systems that protect the environment, strengthen local communities, and provide economic opportunities in North Carolina.

Growing Small Farms

Use our small farm grower resources to learn about environmentally responsible, economically viable, and practical solutions. Chatham county hosts the Growing Small Farms program that focuses on the value and importance of organic and sustainable agriculture practices.


The Organics page on the New Crops & Organics website is an internet resource for North Carolina farmers, extension agents, and aspiring growers. The university-led research and extension program supports organic farmers and communities with locally grown, organic produce.

Sustainable Agriculture

North Carolina Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program develops professional programs and solutions addressing production methods that provide healthy food for communities without jeopardizing environmental safety and future generational needs.